Flexible Learning with Public Health Online

Over the Fall and Winter terms, the Dalla Lana School of Public Health undertook an exciting new pilot project to develop and run a series of four quarter-course credit e-modules (6 weeks in length each). Under the guidance of graduate coordinator Ann Fox with the assistance of the online learning strategies portfolio the school worked with four leading instructors in a course redesign process to bring the modules to life. The instructors and course topics included:

  • Susan Bondy: Representative Sample Surveys in Public Health Disciplines: development and use of population data on large and human scales
  • Paul Bozek: Introduction to Environmental Health
  • Robert Mann: Public Health, Mental Health and Addiction
  • Blake Poland: Building Community Resilience

Dalla Lana School ype on windowBeginning in January 2015 the first two courses ran for six weeks. When they were complete the remaining two opened and ran until the end of the Winter term. The pilot was driven by the need to meet the school’s wide ranging student body which includes students, managers and experts operating across public health related disciplines in various locations in Canada and worldwide. In order to reach these busy professionals, practicum and distance students, the online format and condensed course structure allowed for greater flexibility to fit studies into full schedules.

The e-modules were structured around both asynchronous and synchronous activities and strategies. On their own time students could access readings, videos, assessments and discussions. For a minimum of once a week the instructors also led their students in live webinar sessions where they delivered lectures and were able to field question and answer periods using Blackboard Collaborate. Although there was a balance of activities, a lesson learned was to offer less synchronous sessions structured around a rigid weekly timeslot to offer even more flexibility.

For a first time offering in this format the feedback has been positive, with students expressing interest and support for both the online environment and the quarter course format.

When asked about their experiences with teaching online the instructors agreed that they benefited from the capacity building and even applied the course redesign work to their other courses. They also felt that teaching online was on par with instructing a face-to-face (f2f) class and that the online environment even offered some possibilities that the f2f could not (sharing videos to study at own pace).

This project is another innovative example of how online course design can transform teaching and learning.

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Nursing Project Named Finalist for CUCCIO Innovation Award

CUCCIO awards logoFinalists have been announced for the inaugural CUCCIO Awards, celebrating collaboration, innovation and community building in Canadian higher education IT. Our congratulations to Fareed Teja, the lead on a recent Online Proctoring Pilot Project at the Lawrence S. Bloomberg School of Nursing that was selected as one of four finalists in the Innovation category.

The  project explored online proctoring as a method to protect the academic integrity of online exam taking in an online Master of Nursing – Nurse Practitioner program. Specifically, online proctoring was implemented in online tests to ensure that students adhere to academic honesty policies, exam questions were protected, and student identification was verified. Goals of the project were to evaluate effectiveness of online proctoring to protect the integrity of online high stakes exams, collect and analyze student feedback on the process and experience, and share the results internally, institutionally, and abroad.

Fareed will be participating in the upcoming CANHEIT conference  in New Brunswick, presenting on the process and results of this innovative project. Hats off!

 

 

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Grand Opportunities in Global Health and the Inverted Classroom

The Dalla Lana School of Public Health has recently offered, for the first time, a gateway course in global public health, “Grand Opportunities in Global Health.” The course invited first-year undergraduate students from all Arts and Science programs to explore the complex and multifaceted field of global public health, outlining its history, reflecting on key concepts, examining major past and current developments, and looking at the future of this field.

Grand Opportunities Welcome Image

Led by Course Directors Professor Abdallah Daar and Professor Andrea Cortinois, students had the opportunity to meet and interact with many among the most creative researchers and mentors working at the University of Toronto. More than this, the course followed an innovative format that included both online and face-to-face classroom components to promote the inverted classroom model. Contrary to a traditional format, the inverted classroom encourages students to learn content online and practice what they’ve learned in the classroom. In Grand Opportunities, students were able to view short video lectures by leading researchers, complete readings and interact among themselves using peerScholar , all of this online, before attending classes. During the live class, students participated in small-group discussions and other group activities. Early evidence suggests this innovative approach was very well received by students and instructors alike.

We asked the lead instructors a few questions about their experience teaching this for the first time.

1) What were some of the benefits you saw for the learners?

Many of the advantages of the inverted or ‘flipped’ classroom model most commonly identified in the literature have been confirmed by our experience. In particular, students loved the convenience of learning at their own pace and at any time, by watching short online video lectures. Given the complexity of many of the topics covered in the course, this was particularly important as students had the opportunity to ‘stop & rewind’ as many times as they needed.

In addition, the video lectures made it possible for our students to interact with a large number of colleagues  – more than 30 – who work in global health at the University of Toronto. This level of exposure was essential to achieve one of the central goals of the course: to give young students the opportunity to understand the multifaceted nature of global health and stimulate their curiosity and involvement by showing them how many ways are there to contribute to this field from a large and very diverse set of disciplines. Also, each week a new topic was discussed by multiple lecturers, therefore adding critical depth to the analysis.

Before each class, students had the opportunity to ask questions on concepts or examples they found particularly challenging or confusing. These ‘muddiest points’ were then discussed in class with the help of some of the faculty who had previously contributed a video lecture. The majority of face-to-face time, however, was spent discussing the weekly topic in small groups. This approach made students feel that they were right at the centre of the process, actively involved, and themselves an important resource for the course. Learning became a truly interactive process based on the complementary contributions of students and faculty.

In addition, the use of peerScholar to answer a reflective questions related to the topic of the week was a useful starting point to stimulate the critical thinking process that is essential to sustain a rich small-group discussion session. Also, students had to peer review some of their colleagues’ responses. This was a way to further enrich the reflective process while at the same time building a community of learning.

 2) Were there any surprises or unexpected outcomes you witnessed?

A very positive surprise was the truly wonderful level of enthusiasm expressed by virtually all students who completed the course. While we were hopeful that the course content and approach would stimulate a positive response, the feedback we received from students during the course and through a final, internal evaluation greatly exceeded our expectations!

Another surprise was to realize how much many of the colleagues who contributed to the course enjoyed the experience. Some of them were so inspired by the ongoing class discussions and the level of enthusiasm shown by students that they decided to attend additional sessions. Over time, the course became a sort of ‘Thursday evening club’ for friends passionate about global health!

3) What advice would you offer to instructors who wish to try an inverted classroom model?

When learning and experimenting with the use of technology in the classroom, it is important to constantly invite students’ feedback and react to it in flexible and creative ways.

In particular, video lectures should be kept short, 12-15 minutes being the upper limit. If more material needs to be presented, it is definitely preferable to break it down into multiple, shorter videos. In general, video lectures should play an introductory role and present students with an overall frame of reference that can then be enriched through the careful choice of appropriate weekly readings and class discussion.

It is also very important to facilitate face-to-face activities so that the time spent in class becomes a real opportunity for students to contribute and lead. The role of instructors should become a facilitating one.

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AERA Poster Session Presentation

April 19, 2015

Recent research on MOOC learner activity was presented at the American Educational Research Association (AERA) conference held in Chicago. This study extends earlier analyses of aggregated data from the University of Toronto MOOCs. The title and abstract for the project are as follows:

How Do MOOC Learners’ Intentions Relate to Their Behaviors and Overall Outcomes

The match between learner’s intentions and their learning behaviours is missing from the majority of discussion on learning outcomes in MOOCs. The present study tackles this challenge by investigating the relationship among intentions, behaviours and outcomes in six Coursera MOOCs. Grounded in a rich MOOC dataset that included pre-course surveys, learners’ click logs, and course completion data, we integrated statistical analysis and data mining techniques to address research questions from different angles. Results from cross tabulation and a chi-square test of independence implied an impact of learning intentions on behaviors. Frequent Sequence Mining showed promise in detecting different frequent sequences in different learner groups defined by intents and outcomes. The research is the result of collaboration among the following team members:

Carol Rolheiser: Principle Investigator, OISE – University of Toronto
Bodong Chen: University of Minnesota
Stian Haklev: Researcher – Online Learning Strategies, University of Toronto
Laurie Harrison: Director, Online Learning Strategies, University of Toronto
Hedieh Najafi: Researcher – OISE – University of Toronto

AERA Research Image

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Ontario Online Updates

Exciting news! The MTCU has approved ten nullUniversity of Toronto collaborative project proposals for the 2015 round of their province-wide Shared Online Course fund. Each of the following will receive ~$75,000, with a deadline of Sept 2015 for completion of development:

Courses:     

  • Introductory Chemistry from a Materials Perspective  (Scott Ramsay – FASE)
  • Introduction to Neuroscience (Bill Ju – FAS)

Learning Modules:

  • Statistics for Research  (Alison Gibbs – FAS)
  • Instruction in Neuroscience (William Ju – FAS)
  • Cognitive Psychology & Cognitive Neuroscience for Designers & Engineers (Mark Chignell – FASE)
  • Electromagnetic Physics and Electric Circuits (Belinda Wang – FASE)
  • Ethics in Engineering (Brenda McCabe – FASE)
  • Introduction to Programming Language Structures in C (Andrew Petersen – UTM)
  • Mathematics Skill Development (Zohreh Shahbazi – UTSC)
  • Digital Labcoat: Virtual Lab (Steve Joordens – UTSC)

Photos of design day activities

In this context, a “Module” is a set of shared curriculum resources that can be re-used in multiple courses or across different institutions. Given the tight timelines, in order to get these projects up and running quickly, we held a Module Design Workshop Day for lead instructors and their teams on Wed. Feb 18. All teams were in attendance to discuss design plans, production strategies, media integration, accessibility, packaging and hosting, and more! We are following up with additional webinars on key topics.

UofT’s success in securing funding for 10 new projects will allow us to continue to participate in the shaping of the broader provincial Online Learning landscape.

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Access to Course Materials – Keeping Costs in Check

Whether on-campus or online, the cost of university courses keeps going up. One of the hidden expenses for students is the cost of course materials, which can run up to $200 dollars per class. Some students have noticed even higher costs this year, partially as a result of U of T’s inability to secure a license with Access Copyright after the expiration of our previous license in 2013. For example, The Varsity recently reported in an article on student fees in the post-access copyright environment that some students had even seen the cost of coursepacks double this semester. Even with the efficiencies gained through digitization of course materials, the price tag is steep.

This got the Scholarly Communications and Copyright Office concerned, because keeping student costs reasonable is an important part of our role here at U of T. So a pilot project, called “Zero to Low Cost Courses,” was established to help.

Through faculty engagement, the Scholarly Communications and Copyright Office is working to help faculty in the creation of zero to low cost courses for students; that is, courses where instructors assign only open access content, public domain content, content used as fair dealing, or content for which the library holds a license. This isn’t a totally new idea, the UCLA Library, under the direction of Dr. Sharon Farb, Associate University Librarian for Collection Management and Scholarly Communication has been running a project in this area for a short time, to great success.

This effort dovetails with other Scholarly Communications and Copyright Office initiatives, such as the Syllabus Service, which works directly with course reserves staff to ensure course reading materials, including digital resources are compliant with Canadian copyright provisions or U of T licensing agreements, and through securing additional licenses as necessary. These efforts are all part of a commitment to serving the research and teaching mission of this institution, and to helping provide the highest quality educational experience to our students at the fairest price.

Data collected through this pilot project will be analyzed for Spring 2015, and will include a feasibility study measuring whether the service could be expanded and implemented as a campus-wide program. The feasibility study will focus on the pilot project’s workflow, and the results of both a before-and -after cost analysis and a faculty questionnaire on resource selection practices.

160x160xcopyright-utl-logo160_0.jpg.pagespeed.ic.Zu4UzauKHVFor questions about these services, or for general inquiries about the Scholarly Communications and Copyright Office, please don’t hesitate to contact us at copyright@library.utoronto.ca.

Contributing Author: University of Toronto Scholarly Communications and Copyright Office.

 

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Lecturing Live From Kuwait at UofT

For years in his Exercise and Mental Health course (HMB473H1), Dr. Franco Taverna would reserve one class for an esteemed guest lecturer. His colleague, Dr. Mohammad Alsuwaidan, assistant professor of psychiatry at the University of Toronto and an expert in medical education and public health would present a lesson on mood & anxiety disorders. Two years ago when Dr. Alsuwaidan moved to Kuwait to serve as Head of Mood & Anxiety Disorders and Inaugural Director of Education at the Kuwait Center for Mental Health, his absence would threaten to leave a noticeable gap to be filled in the course.

Or, it would have if it wasn’t for some unique technology integration to keep this engaging opportunity as a continuing option for the course. Dr. Taverna, a leader in the use of academic and collaborative technologies in his teaching decided to continue to invite this expert lecturer and have him present through UofT’s Collaborate webinar tool. In real time Dr. Alsuwaidan is able to speak on a topic and interact with the class from his office in Kuwait (in fact, in 2013 Dr. Alsuwaidan lectured live to his students in Kuwait while simultaneously lecturing to Dr. Taverna’s class in Toronto – to great success).

Kuwait Lecture 2

Projecting the Collaborate session, with streaming video and PowerPoint style lecture slides, onto the screen in front of the class and incorporating the audio to the classroom sound system offers the distance instructor presence in the room. The webinar offers the opportunity for Dr. Alsuwaidan to actively engage with the students and remain sensitive to their needs with pauses for questions and answers facilitated by Dr. Taverna to ensure they are following the lecture. The students are engaged from start to finish, listening to an expert speak passionately about the subject. This collaboration between Dr. Taverna and Dr. Alsuwaidan is another unique way that technology is being adapted and used to enhance teaching and learning through an online presence.

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Active Learning: Online Redesign Lights Up Learning

Have you heard instructors at University of Toronto discussing the idea of active learning in their classrooms? While difficult to define, this approach is generally understood as engagement of students in clarifying, questioning, applying, and consolidating new knowledge. It has been compared to a lamp being lit rather than a vessel being filled.  Over the past year, a group of faculty leaders from across the university participated in development of active learning using digital strategies as part of the provincially funded Active Learning: Online Redesign (ALOR) project.

Active Learning Online Redesign

This network of remarkable instructors set their sights on the goal of enhancing the quality of student learning through design of active learning experiences using web-based resources and tools.

The project, spanning five divisions as well as the Centre for Teaching Support and Innovation (CTSI) and the Online Learning Strategies (OLS) portfolio, has lead to introduction of innovative strategies to support both classroom and online learning.

ALOR project faculty leaders focused their efforts on elements of curriculum design that would be of interest to other instructors in their academic program area. Steve Joordens (UTSC – Psychology Department) continued enhancing Digital Labcoat, an online environment that challenges students to test their own hypothesis, theorize about findings, and use statistics to answer theoretical questions. In Human Biology (FAS), Franco Taverna mapped neuroscience concepts learners find most challenging and developed digital resources to address those difficult concepts, primarily for use in webinar environments.  With a focus on reuse, Scott Ramsay (Materials Science, FASE) evaluated learning objects such as innovative tabletop lab videos and a range of screencast formats in terms of impact on student experience.

ALOR Quotes

Other divisions designed specific curriculum components for active learning through the incorporation of wiki tools and the promotion of online debates. Student response was very positive. As one UTM student noted:
“I loved the experience because I was able to share my ideas with my classmates… we could all learn from one another.”

An important benefit of this extended network of colleagues is the opportunity for collaboration on project activities beyond course boundaries. Each of these faculty leaders has worked with instructors and educational technology professionals across their academic program areas regarding the design, development and integration of active learning strategies and digital resources. Prof. Steve Joordens observed that “Educational research has highlighted many great educational approaches (e.g., assessment for learning, peer assessment, active learning) …if we use technology creatively, we can find ways of providing these experiences in any course.” The result is enhanced learning opportunities for our students – both inside the classroom, and online!

Full reports by division can be found on the ALOR project overview website.  Instructors interested in learning more about active learning in online environments may consider joining UOfT’s Online Teaching & Learning Community of Practice.

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Online Proctoring – Early Explorations at UofT

As adoption of online learning strategies grows there is an increased demand for effective assessment that meets expectations for academic integrity. One option that is garnering interest is the possibility of online proctoring by third party service providers. In this model, live proctors observe students who are completing an online assignment through use of web cam and screen sharing technology. The assessment process remains the responsibility of the university. However, the process of verifying student identity, ensuring that students are not accessing unauthorized material and that making sure that students are working independently becomes the responsibility of the online proctor.

There are a number of companies providing this service, including ProctorU. Recently the Lawrence S. Bloomberg Faculty of Nursing undertook a series of online exam pilots using ProctorU’s service to explore the effectiveness of online proctoring, and to better understand the student perspective on the experience. Fareed Teja, Academic Information and Communication Technology Supervisor at Bloomberg Nursing coordinated the project operations, and also oversaw the service evaluation process. He recently summarized their findings in a video and screencast presentation which was shared at the Ontario University Council on eLearning summer institute. For full details on the project please visit the following link:

Fareed Teja – Online Proctoring Project – Lawrence S. Bloomberg Faculty of Nursing

Online Proctoring Pilot PPT Screen ShotWhile there were a few operational “kinks” to work out, for the most part the student response was positive. One area of concern was student comfort with the online proctoring process and technology. While very convenient since the online exam can be written in the comfort of one’s home or office, at the same time unfamiliar environment may cause  anxiety for some. Student orientation and support throughout the proctoring process may be the key. Our thanks to the Bloomberg Nursing for pioneering in this area and sharing their findings.

While we are on the topic of academic integrity, it seems timely to mention a new digital resource, just launched this week. The Academic Integrity at the University of Toronto web site provides a comprehensive overview for students and instructors, including strategies to promote and maintain academic integrity.

 

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MOOC Design Round Table 2014

On June 11th, the Faculty of Applied Science and Engineering hosted our second annual MOOC Design Round Table, which was attended by several teams that have new project funding or are considering proposal development in the coming year. New initiatives are percolating across several divisions, including Engineering, Pharmacy, OISE and the iSchool. In addition to a process overview and practical design activities, we also had presentations from Bobby Glushko, from UTL’s Scholarly Communications Office, and Stian Haklev, coordinator of institutional research support for MOOCs under the Open UToronto umbrella.

Our design round table explored a range of topics including a platform comparison between Coursera and EdX, online learning design theory and process basics, activity scaffolding and assessment design, marketing, copyright issues and research opportunities.

Photos of MOOC Design Day 2014

A central focus of the discussion was the work of Dr. Jim Wallace’s team from Mechanical Engineering. This group will be exploring online learning at scale with through development of a new Coursera MOOC on the topic of alternative energy systems to be launched in fall 2014.

Another unique feature of this session was the participation of a colleague from UBC via Skype. Barry Magrill, who leads out their Coursera MOOC development for their Flexible Learning office, joined in the design activities and discussion throughout the day. UBC is similarly including us in their MOOC community activities so that we may share learn from one another’s experiences through virtual collaboration.

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